MIFP RESEARCH MEMBERS' PUBLICATIONS

MEMBERS' PUBLICATIONS

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    Slave bosons in radial gauge: A bridge between path integral and Hamiltonian language

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    13.09.10
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    12.10.10
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    Raymond Frésard, Henni Ouerdane, Thilo Kopp

    We establish a correspondence between the resummation of world lines and the diagonalization of the Hamiltonian for a strongly correlated electronic system. For this purpose, we analyze the functional integrals for the partition function and the correlation functions invoking a slave boson representation in the radial gauge. We show in the spinless case that the Green’s function of the physical electron and the projected Green’s function of the pseudofermion coincide. Correlation and Green’s functions in the spinful case involve a complex entanglement of the world lines which, however, can be obtained through a strikingly simple extension of the spinless scheme. As a toy model we investigate the two-site cluster of the single impurity Anderson model which yields analytical results. All expectation values and dynamical correlation functions are obtained from the exact calculation of the relevant functional integrals. The hole density, the hole auto-correlation function and the Green’s function are computed, and a comparison between spinless and spin 1/2 systems provides insight into the role of the radial slave boson field. In particular, the exact expectation value of the radial slave boson field is finite in both cases, and it is not related to a Bose condensate.

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    Exciton-Polariton Mediated Superconductivity

    Uploaded:
    01.09.10
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    12.10.10
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    F. P. Laussy, A. V. Kavokin and I. A. Shelykh


    We revisit the exciton mechanism of superconductivity in the framework of microcavity physics, replacing virtual excitons as a binding agent of Cooper pairs by excitations of an exciton-polariton Bose- Einstein condensate. We consider a model microcavity where a quantum well with a two-dimensional electron gas is sandwiched between two undoped quantum wells, where a polariton condensate is formed. We show that the critical temperature for superconductivity dramatically increases with the condensate population, opening a new route towards high-temperature superconductivity.

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    Optical Spin Hall Effect

    Uploaded:
    31.08.10
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    12.10.10
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    A. Kavokin, G. Malpuech and M. Glazov


    A remarkable analogy is established between the well-known spin Hall effect and the polarization dependence of Rayleigh scattering of light in microcavities. This dependence results from the strong spin effect in elastic scattering of exciton polaritons: if the initial polariton state has a zero spin and is characterized by some linear polarization, the scattered polaritons become strongly spin polarized. The polarization in the scattered state can be positive or negative dependent on the orientation of the linear polarization of the initial state and on the direction of scattering. Very surprisingly, spin polarizations of the polaritons scattered clockwise and anticlockwise have different signs. The optical spin Hall effect is possible due to strong longitudinal-transverse splitting and finite lifetime of exciton polaritons in microcavities.

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    Quantum Theory of Spin Dynamics of Exciton-Polaritons in Microcavities

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    31.08.10
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    12.10.10
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    K.V. Kavokin, I. A. Shelykh, A.V. Kavokin, G. Malpuech and P. Bigenwald

    We present the quantum theory of momentum and spin relaxation of exciton-polaritons in microcavities. We show that giant longitudinal-transverse splitting of the polaritons mixes their spin states, which results in beats between right- and left-circularly polarized photoluminescence of microcavities, as was recently experimentally observed [M. D. Martin et al., Phys. Rev. Lett. 89, 077402 (2002)]. This effect is strongly sensitive to the bosonic stimulation of polariton scattering.

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